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            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第1張圖片

            Suspended weights counterbalance cantilevered viewpoint in Mexico

            由專筑網若山,小R編譯

            建筑設計師Emiliano Domínguez和Santiago Martínez為墨西哥克雷塔羅州設計了一處山頂觀景臺,使用懸掛的石籠與鋼懸臂平衡重量。

            觀景臺名為Espina,高聳在雷塔羅州的一座養牛場上方,為游客帶來墨西哥中部山區景觀的全景視野。

            Suspended gabions weights provide a counterweight to the steel cantilever in this hilltop pavilion designed by Emiliano Domínguez and Santiago Martínez in Querétaro, Mexico.
            Known as Espina, the pavilion sits high above a cattle ranch in Santiago de Querétaro, opening visitors to a 360-degree, panoramic view of the mountain landscape of central Mexico.

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第2張圖片
            ▲ Espina觀景臺由建筑師Emiliano Domínguez和Santiago Martínez設計
            Espina was designed by Emiliano Domínguez and Santiago Martínez


            建筑師Emiliano Domínguez和Santiago Martínez于2023年完成了這座21㎡(226平方英尺)的小型結構。

            建筑團隊表示:“Espina觀景臺通過不同元素的協同作用,來實現結構和視覺的平衡!

            Architects Emiliano Domínguez and Santiago Martínez completed the compact 21-square metre (226-square foot) structure in 2023.
            "Espina emerges from the synergy of different elements that interact to achieve both structural and visual balance," the team told Dezeen.

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第3張圖片
            ▲ 兩面平行的混凝土基礎墻矗立在植被中
            Two parallel concrete foundation walls rise out of the vegetation


            “這是一個沒有明確定義的觀景臺,其唯一目的就是提供陰涼處,并將視線引向地平線!

            兩面平行的混凝土基礎墻矗立在坐北朝南的植被中,由于場地的地形條件和偏遠區位,只有馬或四個輪子的交通工具才能進入。

            "It is a pavilion without a defined program, serving the sole purpose of providing shade and directing views towards the horizon."
            Two parallel concrete foundation walls – cast in place due to the site's geography and remote location that can only be accessed by horse or four-wheeler – rise out of the vegetation running north to south.

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第4張圖片
            ▲ 混凝土墻組成開放平臺
            Bridging the concrete walls is an open platform


            混凝土墻組成了一個從山坡延伸到自然景觀中的開放平臺。養牛場護欄保護著入口,兩面墻壁微微升高:一面作為長椅的靠背,另一面較低的構成空間的框架。

            一個燃木小壁爐沿著一面墻向下延伸,搭配盆栽植物點綴,四周可以欣賞日出和日落。

            Bridging the concrete walls is an open platform that extends from the hillside out over the landscape. Cattle guards protect the entrance, and the walls rise slightly: one wall becoming a backrest for benches while the other lower wall frames the space.
            A small wood-burning fireplace extends down on one side and a few potted plants decorate the space, which is otherwise left open to the surrounding views of the sunrise and sunset.

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第5張圖片
            ▲ 黑色鋼架支撐屋頂結構
            A black steel frame rises to support the roof structure


            輕質的黑色鋼框架從一側挑高,支撐起屋頂結構,整體形成一個數字“4”的形態,模塊化的框架交叉固定住波紋金屬傾斜屋頂。

            建筑團隊表示:“這個框架有兩個作用,一是劃定占地面積,二是讓懸臂向西立面延伸!

            和懸臂不同,水平橫撐超出建筑范圍,由平衡電纜上的石籠塊錨定。石籠提取自澆注基礎時使用的當地石頭。

            建筑團隊表示:“結構向外懸掛的程度決定了石籠配重與當地景觀的距離,而最終,觀景臺會完完全全融入景觀之中!

            A lightweight, black steel frame rises to support the roof structure from one side. Shaped like a "4", the modular frame forks out to hold a corrugated metal slanted roof.
            "This framework serves a dual purpose – on one hand, delineating the footprint area, and on the other hand, extending in cantilever towards the west facade," the team said.
            Opposite the cantilever, the horizontal braces extend past the footprint and are anchored by gabion masses on tension cables. The gabions are composed of local stone that was extracted when the foundation was poured.
            "The dilatation of the structure determines the distance of these counterweights in relation to an endemic landscape that, eventually, will take over the pavilion," the team explained.

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第6張圖片
            ▲ Espina高聳在養牛場上方
            Espina sits high above a cattle ranch


            “材料與設計結構完整性之間的對比強調出每種元素的特定功能!

            最近在墨西哥落地的其他觀景臺,還有TO Arquitectura事務所用回收磚石拱頂打造的音樂學校,以及Erre Q Erre事務所在公園中的半圓形石砌觀景臺作品。

            "This contrast between materials and the structural integrity of the design emphasizes the specific function of each element."
            Other pavilions recently completed in Mexico include a reclaimed masonry vault that serves as a music school by TO Arquitectura and a semi-circular, stone-clad pavilion in a public park by Erre Q Erre.

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第7張圖片

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第8張圖片

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第9張圖片

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第10張圖片

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第11張圖片

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第12張圖片

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第13張圖片

            墨西哥一處觀景平臺的傾斜屋頂懸掛很多石籠第14張圖片

            項目信息:
            結構工程師:Andrés Casal
            景觀設計師:Matorral
            鐵匠:Gregorio Cisneros
            圖片由César Belio拍攝。

            Project credits:
            Structural engineering: Andrés Casal
            Landscaping: Matorral
            Blacksmith: Gregorio Cisneros
            The photography is by César Belio.

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